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China Accused of Massive Uyghur Crimes 05/13 06:05

   Human rights groups and Western nations led by the United States, Britain 
and Germany accused China of massive crimes against the Uyghur minority and 
demanded unimpeded access for U.N. experts at a virtual meeting on Wednesday 
denounced by China as "politically motivated" and based on "lies."

   UNITED NATIONS (AP) -- Human rights groups and Western nations led by the 
United States, Britain and Germany accused China of massive crimes against the 
Uyghur minority and demanded unimpeded access for U.N. experts at a virtual 
meeting on Wednesday denounced by China as "politically motivated" and based on 
"lies."

   China's U.N. Mission sent notes to many of the U.N.'s 193 member nations 
last week urging them not to participate in the "anti-China event." And China's 
U.N. Ambassador Zhang Jun sent text messages to the 15 Western co-sponsors of 
the meeting expressing shock at their support, urging them to "think twice" and 
withdraw it.

   He warned that if they don't, it will be "harmful to our relationship and 
cooperation."

   At the meeting, Britain's U.N. Ambassador Barbara Woodward called the 
situation in Xinjiang "one of the worst human rights crises of our time."

   "The evidence, from a growing number of credible sources -- including 
satellite imagery, survivor testimony and publicly available Chinese Government 
documents -- is of grave concern," said Woodward, who previously was the UK 
ambassador in China. "The evidence points to a program of repression of 
specific ethnic groups. Expressions of religion have been criminalized and 
Uyghur language and culture are discriminated against systematically and at 
scale."

   In recent years, an estimated 1 million people or more have been confined in 
camps in Xinjiang, according to foreign governments and researchers. Most are 
Uyghurs, a largely Muslim ethnic group. Authorities have been accused of 
imposing forced labor, systematic forced birth control and torture.

   The Chinese government has flatly rejected the allegations. It has 
characterized the camps, which it says are now closed, as vocational training 
centers to teach Chinese language, job skills and the law in order to support 
economic development and combat extremism. China saw a wave of Xinjiang-related 
terrorist attacks through 2016.

   Organizers said there were 152 participants in Wednesday's event, including 
51 countries, and speaker after speaker called on China to end its abuses 
against the Uyghurs.

   Germany's U.N. Ambassador Christoph Heusgen thanked "all the co-sponsors who 
came together despite some massive Chinese threats."

   He urged them to remain committed "until the Uyghurs can live again in 
freedom, until they are no longer detained, no longer victims of forced labor 
and other human rights abuses, until they can exercise freedom of religion and 
freedom of speech."

   Heusgen appealed to China to respect the Universal Declaration of Human 
Rights "and tear down the detention camps."

   "If you have nothing to hide, why don't you finally grant unimpeded access 
to the (U.N.) High Commissioner for Human Rights?" he asked.

   U.S. Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield said the Biden administration "will 
keep standing up and speaking out until China's government stops its crime 
against humanity and the genocide of Uyghurs and other minorities in Xinjiang."

   "And we will keep working in concert with our allies and our partners until 
China's government respects the universal human rights of all its people," she 
said.

   Uyghur human rights activist Jewher Ilhan spoke about her father Ilham 
Tohti, a noted economist who has called for autonomy for Xinjiang and is 
serving a life sentence on separatist-related charges. "We don't even know if 
he's alive," she said.

   "Hundreds of thousands, even millions of Uyghurs are still being targeted," 
said Ilhan, who now lives in the United States. "The fate of my father and my 
community is in the world's hands now. We all need to join together and take 
action to stop this humanitarian crisis from continuing."

   A Chinese diplomat countered, saying: "I make it clear that China is here to 
tell the truth, it doesn't mean in any way we recognize this event."

   He then showed a short video and said: "The truth is, it's not about human 
rights in Xinjiang, it's about using Xinjiang as a political tool to contain 
China. The U.S. and some of its allies make a presumption of guilt, and then 
fabricate so-called evidence."

   Human Rights Watch Executive Director Kenneth Roth, whose organization 
recently concluded that China's atrocities amount to the crime against humanity 
of persecution, said the challenge is what to do about it.

   "Beijing clearly calculates that through censorship, propaganda, 
intimidation, and threats it can somehow avoid accountability," he said, 
pointing many actions including its "extraordinary lengths of disinviting 
people" from Wednesday's event, its "endless charade" that has prevented Human 
Rights Commissioner Michelle Bachelet from visiting Xinjiang, and U.N. inaction.

   Roth expressed disappointment that Bachelet, who was invited to the event, 
turned down the invitation. "I'm sure she's busy. We all are. But I have a 
similar global mandate to defend human rights and I couldn't think of anything 
more important to do than to join you here today. I certainly wasn't deterred 
by the commute -- all the way to my laptop," he said.

   "The good news is that the tide seems to be turning," he said, pointing to 
more countries condemning China's crimes. But he said more must be done.

   Roth called for a U.N. Human Rights Council resolution on Xinjiang, for 
moving discussions to the U.N. Security Council, for seeking avenues to justice 
including the use of universal jurisdiction, and for considering creation of an 
international investigative mechanism similar to those for Syria and Myanmar.

   "The true test of the significance of today's event will be the follow-up 
steps that we all take," he said.

   Amnesty International Secretary General Agnes Callamard said the persecution 
of the Uyghurs is "a critical test" for the international human rights system 
to investigate allegations of "massive violations" by a government against its 
own people and hold those responsible accountable.

   She called "the silence, fear and timidity" of Bachelet's office and the 
U.N. Secretariat "frankly unacceptable and a breach of their mandate, as are 
the silence of many states."

   Callamard said supporting a multilateral response to what is happening in 
Xinjiang is not about "picking sides in a fight with China or supporting the 
U.S. or anyone else, it is about fighting for human rights."

 
 
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